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Pregnant and new parents group

This group is for those of us who are expecting to be parents soon, already are pregnant or have a newborn child. We can swap experiences, information and ideas regarding becoming a new parent. Also the legalities and experiences of giving birth in a chinese hospital.

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Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在April四月 3, 2012 at 添加的评论8:30

Let us put an end to Chinese doctors myth about this:

Sex during pregnancy: What's OK, what's not

Has pregnancy spiked your interest in sex? Or is sex the last thing on your mind? Either way, here's what you need to know about sex during pregnancy.

 

If you want to get pregnant, you have sex. No surprises there. But what about sex while you are pregnant? The answers are not  always as clear. Here is what you need to know about sex during pregnancy.

Is it OK to have sex during pregnancy?

As long as your pregnancy is proceeding normally, you can have sex as often as you like — but you may not always want to. At first, hormonal fluctuations, fatigue and nausea may sap your sexual desire. During the second trimester, increased blood flow to your sexual organs and breasts may rekindle your desire for sex. But by the third trimester, weight gain, back pain and other symptoms may once again dampen your enthusiasm for sex.

Can sex during pregnancy cause a miscarriage?

Many couples worry that sex during pregnancy will cause a miscarriage, especially in the first trimester. But sex is not a concern. Early miscarriages are usually related to chromosomal abnormalities or other problems in the developing baby — not to anything you do or do not do.

Does sex during pregnancy harm the baby?

Your developing baby is protected by the amniotic fluid in your uterus, as well as the mucous plug that blocks the cervix throughout most of your pregnancy. Sexual activity will not affect your baby. Contrary to Chinese doctors advice stating sex can hurt the fetus. This is absolute rubbish. Sex can not and will not hurt the fetus.

What are the best sexual positions during pregnancy?

As long as you're comfortable, most sexual positions are OK during pregnancy. As your pregnancy progresses, experiment to find what works best. Rather than lying on your back, you might want to lie next to your partner sideways or position yourself on top of your partner or in front of your partner. Let your creativity take over, as long as you keep mutual pleasure and comfort in mind.

让我们结束了中国医生对此的神话:
孕期性爱:什么是确定的,什么不
已怀孕飙升性别你的兴趣呢?或者是性别在你心中的最后一件事?无论哪种方式,这里就是你需要知道关于性别,怀孕期间。

如果你想怀孕,你有性行为。有没有惊喜。但有关性别,而你是怀孕吗?这些问题的答案并不总是清楚。这里是你需要知道关于性别,怀孕期间。
这是确定在怀孕期间有性别吗?
只要你怀孕正常进行,你可以有性行为,往往只要你喜欢 - 但你可能并不总是想。起初,荷尔蒙的波动,疲劳,恶心,可能会削弱你的性欲。在孕中期,增加血液流向你的性器官和乳房可能会重新燃起了对性别你的愿望。但到了孕晚期,体重增加,背部疼痛等症状可能会再次打击你的热情的性别。
可以在怀孕期间发生性关系导致流产?
很多夫妻担心怀孕期间的性生活会导致流产,尤其是在第一季度,。但性不是一个问题。早期流产通常与染色体异常或其他问题,在发展中国家的婴儿 - 不给你做什么或不做。
孕期性爱是否危害胎儿?
受你的发育中的胎儿在子宫的羊水,以及粘膜的插件,阻止子宫颈怀孕。性活动会不会影响你的宝宝。相反,中国的医生咨询,说明性行为会伤害胎儿。这是绝对的垃圾。性别不能并不会伤害胎儿。
在怀孕期间最好的性交姿势是什么?
只要你舒服,大多数性交姿势在怀孕期间都OK。随着妊娠的进展,实验发现什么效果最好。而不是躺在你的背部,你可能想侧身躺在你的伴侣,或在顶部或你的伴侣在你的伴侣面前自己定位。让你的创造力,只要你保持相互的愉悦和舒适。

 

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在April四月 1, 2012 at 添加的评论16:34

In most normal pregnancies at hCG levels below 1,200 mIU/ml the hCG usually doubles every 48-72 hours and it normally increases by at least 60% every two days.

In many early pregnancies, the hCG level will double every 31 to 72
hours. As the pregnancy progresses, hCG levels rise and the doubling
time increases.

In general, after 6-7 weeks of the pregnancy the best indication of a healthy pregnancy is a good fetal heartbeatBlood hCG levels are not very helpful to test for the viability of the pregnancy if the hCG level is well over 6,000 and/or after 6-7 weeks of the pregnancy. Instead, to test the health of the pregnancy bette at that timer, a sonogram should be done to confirm the presence of a fetal heart beat. Once a fetal heart beat is seen, it is not recommended to check the pregnancy viability with hCG levels. 

NORMAL HCG DOUBLING TIMES

HCG Level DOUBLING TIME EXPECTED
Under 1,200 mIU/ml Between 30 and 72 Hours
1200-6000 mIU/ml Between 72 and 96 Hours
Over 6,000 mIU/ml Over 96 Hours

hCG levels rise during the first 6 to 10 weeks of pregnancy then decline slowly during the second and third trimesters.

As your pregnancy develops, the increase slows down significantly. Between 1,200 and 6,000 mIU/ml serum, the hCG usually takes about 72-96 hours to double, and above 6,000 mIU/ml, the hCG often takes over four or more days to double. It makes little sense to follow the hCG values above 6,000 mIU/ml as at this point the increase is normally slower and not related to how well the pregnancy is doing.

After two to three months the increase will slow even further and eventually hCG levels even decline before reaching a plateau for the duration of the pregnancy. Doctors will often use the quantitative blood test if they are closely monitoring the development of a pregnancy but above a level of about 6,000 mIU/ml that makes no sense because at this point a sonogram provides better information about the pregnancy.

One single hCG value does not tell you much about the viability of the pregnancy and there is a wide range of normal hCG levels in pregnancy. A normal hCG rise over several days prior to 6 weeks of the pregnancy usually indicates a viable pregnancy. In general, the best indication of a healthy pregnancy other than a normal rise of hCG is a good fetal heartbeat after 6-7 weeks.

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在April四月 1, 2012 at 添加的评论16:28

Bleeding and spotting during the first 2-3 months of your pregnancy is a
very common event and is seen in about 1 in 3 pregnancies. Though vaginal bleeding during the first 20 weeks without any other signs like passing tissue or cramps is also known as a “threatened abortion”, most women with early spotting will go on and have a healthy baby. “Threatened abortion” means that it is possible that the early bleeding could be an early indication of a miscarriage. An actual miscarriage is more likely if there is bright red blood, usually heavier than a period, together with cramping.

A miscarriage can happen over a period of several days, but the pregnancy in most women with some bleeding and a threatened abortion will continue normally and they will have a healthy baby.

When you are bleeding in the first 2-3 months and especially if you have pain in the lower abdomen, then the first thing to exclude is an ectopic pregnancy, a pregnancy outside the uterus. If you previously had a sonogram and your doctor saw the pregnancy inside the uterus, then an ectopic pregnancy is usually not present.

Many women who bleed are concerned about the possibility of miscarriage and are reassured by a normal test.

Before the 7th week, especially shortly after you miss your period, a normally rising hCG (pregnancy hormone) titer is a reassuring sign that the pregnancy is progressing normally. You can check our hCG tool to verify that your hCG titer is rising normally.

The fetus' heartbeat can usually be seen after the 7th week of pregnancy, so seeing the fetal heart beat on ultrasound after the 7th week is very reassuring but it's no guarantee that it’s not a miscarriage and that you are not in the process of having a miscarriage. Even if you see the fetal heartbeat, a miscarriage may sometimes develop over several days and become evident only a few days later. If it makes you feel more comfortable to see the fetus' heartbeat then let your doctor know and ask to make arrangements for a sonogram.

The cause of a miscarriage in the first trimester is often poorly understood. It usually  indicates a faulty pregnancy, usually an abnormal implantation or an abnormal fetus. In either case there is no treatment.

Many doctors suggest that patients with a threatened miscarriage or bleeding stay in bed. Staying in bed may decrease the bleeding but no study has shown that this in fact prevents a miscarriage. Unfortunately, at the present time there is no definite treatment for this kind of bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy.

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在April四月 1, 2012 at 添加的评论16:18

Avoid raw, undercooked or contaminated seafood

To avoid harmful bacteria or viruses in seafood:

  • Avoid raw fish and shellfish. It's especially important to avoid oysters and clams.
  • Avoid refrigerated smoked seafood, such as lox. It's OK to eat smoked seafood if it's an ingredient in a casserole or other cooked dish. Canned and shelf-stable versions also are safe.

Avoid undercooked meat, poultry and eggs

During pregnancy, you're at increased risk of bacterial food poisoning. Your reaction might be more severe than if you weren't pregnant. Rarely, food poisoning affects the baby, too.

To prevent foodborne illness:

  • Fully cook all meats and poultry before eating. Use a meat thermometer to make sure.
  • Cook hot dogs and processed deli meats, such as bologna, until they're steaming hot — or avoid them completely. They can be sources of a rare but potentially serious foodborne illness known as listeriosis.
  • Avoid refrigerated pates and meat spreads. Canned and shelf-stable versions, however, are OK.
  • Don't buy raw poultry that's been pre-stuffed. Raw juice that mixes with the stuffing can cause bacterial growth. Frozen poultry that's been pre-stuffed is safe when cooked from its frozen state.
  • Cook eggs until the egg yolks and whites are firm. Raw eggs can be contaminated with the harmful bacteria salmonella. Avoid foods made with raw or partially cooked eggs, such as eggnog, raw batter, hollandaise sauce and Caesar salad dressing.

Avoid unpasteurized foods

Many low-fat dairy products — such as skim milk, mozzarella cheese and cottage cheese — can be a healthy part of your diet. Anything containing unpasteurized milk, however, is a no-no. These products could lead to foodborne illness.

Unless these soft cheeses are clearly labeled as being pasteurized or made with pasteurized milk, don't eat:

  • Brie
  • Feta
  • Camembert
  • Blue cheese
  • Mexican-style cheeses, such as queso blanco, queso fresco and panela

When selecting eggs, consider buying the pasteurized variety. In addition, avoid drinking unpasteurized juice.

 

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在April四月 1, 2012 at 添加的评论16:18

You want what's best for your baby. That's why you add sliced fruit to your fortified breakfast cereal, top your salads with chickpeas and snack on soy nuts. But do you know what foods to avoid during pregnancy? Start with the basics in pregnancy nutrition. Understanding what foods to avoid during pregnancy can help you make the healthiest choices for you and your baby.

Avoid seafood high in mercury

Seafood can be a great source of protein, and the omega-3 fatty acids in many fish can promote your baby's brain development. However, some fish and shellfish contain potentially dangerous levels of mercury. Too much mercury could damage your baby's developing nervous system.

The bigger and older the fish, the more mercury it's likely to contain. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) encourage pregnant women to avoid:

  • Swordfish
  • Shark
  • King mackerel
  • Tilefish

So what's safe? Some types of seafood contain little mercury. Although concerns have been raised about the level of mercury in any type of canned tuna, the FDA and EPA say pregnant women can safely eat up to 12 ounces (340 grams) a week. Similarly, the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend 8 to 12 ounces of seafood a week for pregnant women. That's about two average meals of:

  • Shrimp
  • Crab
  • Canned light tuna (limit albacore tuna, chunk white tuna and tuna steak to no more than 6 ounces, or 170 grams, a week)
  • Salmon
  • Pollock
  • Catfish
  • Cod
  • Tilapia

Not all researchers agree with these limits, however, citing a study that noted no negative effects for women who ate more seafood than the FDA-approved guidelines.

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在March三月 31, 2012 at 添加的评论11:25

You are forty-weeks pregnant

Week 40
Your developing baby
Although you reach your estimated due date this week, not all mothers (especially first timers) give birth around that date. First time mothers averagely go over their due dates by eight days and second time mothers by three days. At your antenatal appointment this week you will be checked just to make sure you and your baby are doing well.

Your baby probably measures around 14 to 15 inches in length and is now completely ready to be born. When you meet your baby you may be surprised by how he looks, as newborns don’t often resemble chubby picture-perfect babies, because they are often swollen from their journey down the birth canal. They are more likely to be born with puffy eyes, (sometimes crossed-eyes) rashes and misshapen heads from their squashed journey. Don’t worry, all these conditions are minor and will disappear a few days after birth.

Your developing body
You are probably feeling big, frustrated and anxious to meet your baby. Read up about ways you can kick-start labor at home, from nipple stimulation to walking in the park! You may also be worrying about what contractions feel like and whether you’ll know you are in labor. The general rule is; if you can’t speak during a contraction – you are in labor! When your contractions get to five minutes apart and last for 45 to 60 seconds it’s time to go to the hospital.
The latent stage of labor can last for a good few hours so make sure you have your birthing ball and TENS machine ready and waiting.  

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在March三月 31, 2012 at 添加的评论11:25

Most women go into labor about 24 hours after their waters have broken and sometimes labor can start without the waters having ruptured. If this is the case the midwives will probably break your waters for you. If your waters break at home, phone the hospital to inform them and make a note of what they look like, how much water there is and whether there is a green/ black color to them as could mean your baby has passed a meconium stool and you may need medical attention.

Lots of women go overdue, especially with their first baby. Read up about what happens when you are overdue, and any methods, such as a membrane sweep, are used to help labor along. Keep taking short walks every day as activity can help to encourage your baby into a good position for birth.

You may not feel like it but sex can also help because female orgasms stimulate the first uterine contractions and semen contains the hormone prostaglandin, which softens the cervix, so having sex can be a double labor-starting whammy. On the downside, sex can be pretty difficult when your belly gets in the way, and you may not be feeling particularly sexy. Try lying on your side with your partner behind you, or on all fours with plenty of pillows to support your knees, or a bed or chair in front of you to support your forearms.

This is your last attempt to have a meal out with your partner before your baby (and mum-in-law, cousins, long lost aunties…) arrives. Enjoy each other’s company and give yourselves pats on the back for having already come so far on this amazing journey into parenthood. Oh, and if you do have a meal, make it a curry, because some women swear spicy foods helped to kick-start labor

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在March三月 31, 2012 at 添加的评论11:24

你是怀孕第四周
第40周
发育中的婴儿
虽然您达到您预计本周到期日,而不是所有的母亲(尤其是初来乍)给周围当日诞生。第一次母亲平均三天八天,第二次母亲在他们的截止日期。这个星期,你会在您的产前预约检查只是为了确保您和您的宝宝都做得很好。

你的宝宝可能的措施大约14到15英寸长,现在是完全准备好要出生。当你遇到你的宝宝,你可能会惊讶,他看起来,作为新生儿不经常像胖乎乎的照片完美的婴儿,因为他们往往从他们的旅程下来的产道肿。他们更容易被眼睛浮肿,(有时越过眼睛),皮疹和畸形头,从他们的压扁的旅程出生。不用担心,所有这些条件是次要的,出生后会消失几天。

您的开发机构
你可能感觉大,沮丧和焦虑,以满足您的宝宝。阅读方法可以发动在家的劳动力,从乳头的刺激,在公园里散步!您可能也有收缩的感觉像你担心,你是否知道你是在劳动。一般的规则是,如果你不能说在一个收缩 - 你是在劳动!当你收缩到五分钟,除了与去年45至60秒,这是时间去医院。
劳动潜伏阶段可以持续好几个小时,所以一定要确保你有你的分娩球和十机准备就绪,等待。

大多数妇女进入劳动力约24小时后,其水域打破,有时没有破裂的水域已开始劳动。如果是这样的情况下,助产士可能会打破你的水域。如果您的水域打破在家中,医院打电话通知他们,使他们看起来一样,有多少水,是否有绿色/黑色可能意味着你的孩子已经通过了胎粪粪便和注您可能需要就医。

很多妇女去逾期,尤其是他们的第一个孩子。读了会发生什么事时,你是过期的,任何方法,如膜扫描是用来帮助劳动沿。继续采取短距离散步,每天的活动可以帮助鼓励您的宝宝出生一个好位置。

你可能不喜欢它,但性也可以帮助,因为女性高潮刺激子宫收缩和精液中含有前列腺素的激素,软化宫颈,做爱可以是双重的劳动力开始夹击。性别上的缺点,可以是相当困难的,当你的肚子的方式得到,你可能不会感觉特别性感。尝试在你的身后,或大量的枕头,以支持你的膝盖,或在床上或椅子在你的面前,以支持你的前臂四肢趴在你的身边,与您的合作伙伴。

这是你最后一次尝试与您的合作伙伴有一顿饭之前,你的宝宝(和妈妈,在法律,表兄弟姐妹,失散多年的阿姨......)到达。享受彼此的公司,已经来此生儿育女的奇幻旅程到目前为止背面拍给自己。哦,如果你有一餐,咖喱,因为一些妇女发誓辛辣食物有助于揭开序幕劳动...

 

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在March三月 31, 2012 at 添加的评论11:20

You are thirty-nine weeks pregnant

Now your feet have disappeared you probably find yourself bumping into things and stubbing your toes. Don’t worry, very soon you will be able to pedicure those nails again… You will probably have trouble performing simple tasks this week without huffing and puffing or having to sit down and rest every five minutes. Your baby’s digestive system has matured enough to be able to take liquid foods and now is a good time to read up about breastfeeding or bottle-feeding to prepare yourself for the coming months. Most of the hair that has covered and protected your baby’s skin has fallen off and she will be born with pinky red skin. She is probably about 7lbs this week and continues to put down fat underneath her skin in preparation for life in the outside world.

Your due date is close now, but Babies go overdue all the time especially for first time mums. Current research shows that first time mothers gave birth on average five days after their due dates and second time mothers gave birth on average two days after their due dates. The reason that inductions happen is that there is an increase in problems for babies that go beyond 42 weeks. This is because there is a very small percentage of babies who die or who are stillborn when the pregnancy exceeds 42 weeks. Doctors don’t know why this happens but feel that it is safer for the mother and the baby to induce labor before 42 weeks. In most pregnancies labor will start somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks and if you go over your due date you will be monitored very closely and will probably need to have weekly antenatal check-ups.

When and why might I need an induction?

An induction is usually recommended when it is felt your baby is better off outside of the womb than in. This may occur if your pregnancy is over 41 weeks, your waters break but labor does not start (your baby is at risk of infection once the waters break), or if you are suffering from a pregnancy related problem such as Pre-Eclampsia where the only cure for mum and baby is immediate delivery. Other reasons include poor growth of your baby or unexplained bleeding at term.

What happens in an induction?

When labor starts naturally your body makes a hormone called oxytocin which is released into the bloodstream and hormonal changes in the body start the process of labor. Nobody knows what the trigger is that starts labor spontaneously (or doesn’t start in some women) although lots of research has been dedicated to the subject. Inductions are when labor has to be started artificially and a synthetic form of oxytocin is administered to bring on labor.

Comment by 上由 The Clinta on 在March三月 31, 2012 at 添加的评论11:19

你是怀孕三十九个星期
现在你的脚已经消失了,你可能会发现自己撞到东西和存根您的脚趾。不要担心,很快你就能再次修脚的指甲......你可能会遇到麻烦不喘着气,或坐下来休息,每五分钟执行简单的任务,这个星期。宝宝的消化系统已足够成熟能够采取流质食物,现在是一个很好的时间阅读有关母乳喂养或奶瓶喂养自己在未来数月准备。大部分头发已经覆盖和保护宝宝的皮肤已经脱落,她将与小指皮肤红出生。她大概是7磅本周继续放下她准备在外界生活的皮肤下面的脂肪。

你的截止日期是接近现在,但婴儿去逾期的,尤其是第一次妈妈所有的时间。目前的研究表明,第一次母亲给了他们的截止日期后,平均每5天诞生和第二次的母亲给了平均两天诞生后,其到期日。归纳发生的原因是,有一个问题,增加超过42周的婴儿。这是死亡或怀孕超过42周时死产婴儿,因为有一个非常小的比例。医生不知道为什么会出现这种情况,但觉得这是对母亲和婴儿诱导前42周的劳动安全。在大多数怀孕的劳动开始的地方在37和42周之间,如果您对您的到期日,你将非常密切监控,并可能会需要有每周一次的产前检查身体。

什么时候,为什么我还需要一个感应吗?
当它觉得你的宝宝是更好地在子宫以外的比。这可能会发生如果你怀孕超过41周,您的水域休息,但劳动力无法启动(您的孩子是在受感染的风险,一旦感应通常建议水域打破),或者如果你是从患有妊娠如先兆子痫的相关问题,为母亲和婴儿的唯一的治疗方法是立即交付。其他原因包括:您的宝宝的生长发育不良或长期不明原因的出血。

感应会发生什么?
当劳工开始,你的身体自然名为催产素的激素在体内启动劳动过程中的血液和荷尔蒙的变化,这是释放。没有人知道什么触发开始劳动力自发地(或一些妇女在不启动),虽然大量的研究一直致力于为主体。归纳是劳动时开始人工和有关劳动管理带来了催产素的合成形式。

 

 

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